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A pest can be identified as a type of species that has a detrimental effect to a person’s health, economy or ecology. The list of household pests is vast and has an array of animals ranging from mammals to invertebrates.
The list of mammals that are considered pests include different species of rats and mice. The difference between a rat and a mouse lies mainly in their size, as opposed to a specific scientific categorization. A rat is a general term to describe a medium sized rodent with a thin long tail where as a mouse is a smaller, sparrow- sized rodent with a thin tail. These rodents are considered pests mainly because they consume food that can be used by humans and also inadvertently spread diseases. Rat bite fever, Bubonic plague, Lassa fever and Leptospirosis are some of the most common rodent borne diseases.
Apart from mammals a majority of pests are insects. Safe ant termination, bedbugs, cockroaches, centipedes and flies are some of the most common. Apart from causing allergies and aggravating asthma for some people aren’t rarely carry any diseases, but are considered pests due to their affinity to anything that can be eaten. Flies and cockroaches on the other hand transmit at least 65 different diseases, like typhoid fever, dysentery, poliomyelitis, cholera, yaws, anthrax, tularemia, leprosy and tuberculosis. Bed bugs are a type of flat, small parasitic insects who feed only on human and animal blood. They mainly feed on their pray when they sleep. They are reddish brown in color, wingless and can grow up to 7mm in size. They are considered pests because their bites tend to itch and cause loss of sleep. Even though studies have shown that they don’t carry and transmit any diseases, their bites can affect people in different ways, mainly due to people scratching the bite and increasing the probability of a secondary skin infection. Centipede’s bites on the other hand are venomous and can cause swelling of the area of the bite. They can also cause other reactions throughout the body and cause allergic reactions. Other species like moths, crickets, weevils, and some types of beetles are also considered pests.
Even though a majority of these pests don’t cause any serious damage to humans, they do cause discomfort. This is specially the case when children are present. There are simple solutions to most of these pest problems, as opposed to using chemical related solutions that could have a detrimental effect to humans as well.